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The National Popular Vote bill will take effect when enacted into law by states possessing 270 electoral votes (a majority of the 538 electoral votes).
As of 2023, the bill has been enacted into law in 17 jurisdictions possessing 205 electoral votes, including 4 small states (Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, Vermont), 9 medium-sized states (Colorado, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Washington), and 3 big states (California, Illinois, New York), and the District of Columbia.
The bill will take effect when enacted by states possessing an additional 65 electoral votes.
The National Popular Vote bill has now passed a total of 42 state legislative chambers in 24 states. It has also passed at least one legislative chamber in 8 states possessing 78 electoral votes (Arkansas, Arizona, Maine, Michigan, North Carolina, Nevada, Oklahoma, Virginia). The National Popular Vote bill has been introduced all 50 states at various times.
On the map below, each square represents one electoral vote (out of 538). The map shows the number of electoral votes for each state according to the 2020 census.
Map design (various versions) courtesty of Craig Barratt, Victor-Bobier, Jeff Pfoser, and Chris Pearson
The states are listed below alphabetically. Click here for chronological history.
Arkansas - Passed House in 2007 and 2009
Arizona - Passed House in 2016
California - Enacted into law
Colorado - Enacted into law in 2019 by legislature and Governor, and approved by Colorado voters on November 3, 2020
Connecticut - Enacted into law
District of Columbia - Enacted into law
Delaware - Enacted into law
Georgia - Unanimously approved by House committee in 2016
Hawaii - Enacted into law
Illinois - Enacted into law
Massachusetts - Enacted into law
Maryland - Enacted into law
Maine - Passed Maine in 2008 and 2019
Michigan - Passed House in 2008
Minnesota - Enacted into law
Missouri - Unanimously approved by House committee in 2016
North Carolina - Passed Senate in 2007
New Jersey - Enacted into law
New Mexico - Enacted into law
Nevada - Passed Assembly in 2009; passed the Assembly and Senate in 2019, but vetoed; Passed Assembly and Senate in 2023 as a constitutional amendment
New York - Enacted into law
Oklahoma - Passed Senate in 2015
Oregon - Enacted into law
Rhode Island - Enacted into law
Virginia - Passed House in February 2020
Vermont - Enacted into law
Washington - Enacted into law