"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Entrepreneur Tom Golisano Endorses National Popular Vote

Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
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    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    Vermont

    MONTPELIER, April 22, 2011 — Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin signed the signed the National Popular Vote bill, making Vermont the 8th state to enact the bill.

    On April 15, 2011, the Vermont House of Representatives passed the National Popular Vote bill [S31] by a 84–51 margin, thereby sending the bill to Governor Peter Shumlin. The Governor (who was a sponsor of the bill while in the Legislature) is expected to sign the bill.

    On February 23, 2011, the Vermont Senate passed the National Popular Vote bill [S31] by a 20–10 margin and then sent the bill to the House by a voice vote.

    On January, 2011, the National Popular Vote bill [S31] was introduced in the Vermont Senate by Senators Hinda Miller, Timothy Ashe, Claire D. Ayer, Harold Giard, Robert M. Hartwell, Sara Branon Kittell, Virginia V. Lyons, Richard J. McCormack, Anthony Pollina, and Jeanette K. White.      Burlington Free Press article

    The National Popular Vote bill [H103] was introduced in the Vermont House of Representatives by Representatives Tim Jerman, Anne B. Donahue, William N. Aswad, Kenneth W. Atkins, John L. Bartholomew, Clem Bissonnette, Charles W. Bohi, Carolyn White Branagan, Mollie S. Burke, Margaret R. Cheney, Michel A. Consejo, Gale Courcelle, Leigh Dakin, Susan Davis, David L. Deen, Johannah Leddy Donovan, Sarah R. Edwards, Alice M. Emmons, Debbie G. Evans, Michael Fisher, Herb, Font-Russell, Bill Frank, Eldred French, Patsy French, Gary Gilbert, Maxine Jo Grad, Sandy Haas, Helen Head, Martha P. Heath, Mary S. Hooper, Richard J. Howrigan, Warren F. Kitzmiller, Tony Klein, Bob Krebs, Michele Ferland Kupersmith, Diane Lanpher, Mark Larson, Joan G. Lenes, William J. Lippert, Jason P. Lorber, Terry Macaig, John W. Malcolm, Richard J. Marek, Cynthia T. Martin, Linda J. Martin, James W. Masland, Jim McCullough, Alice Miller, Sue Minter, Mark B. Mitchell, John Moran, Michael Mrowicki, Bert Munger, Floyd Nease, Betty A. Nuovo, Anne Theresa O'Brien, Michael J. Obuchowski, Carolyn W. Partridge, Peter Peltz, Paul N. Poirier, Dave Potter, Ann Pugh, Kesha K. Ram, Ernest W. Shand, Dave Sharpe, Robert South, Kristy Spengler, Tom Stevens, Will Stevens, Tess Taylor, George W. Till, Kitty Beattie Toll, Linda J. Waite-Simpson, Kate Webb, Rachel Weston, Jeff Wilson, Suzi Wizowaty, Kurt Wright, Mike Yanatchka, and Sam Young.

    On February 27, 2009, the Vermont Senate passed the National Popular Vote bill.

    On January 23, 2009, the National Popular Vote bill was introduced in the Senate (S 34   Status of S 34) by Senators Hinda Miller, Timothy Ashe, Claire D. Ayer, John F. Campbell, William H. Carris, Edward S. Flanagan, Harold Giard, Sara Branon Kittell, Virginia V. Lyons, Richard J. McCormack, Douglas A. Racine, Peter E. Shumlin, and Jeanette K. White.

    The bill (H 153   Status of H 153) was introduced in the House by Representatives Tim Jerman, Anne B. Donahue, Janet Ancel, Kenneth W. Atkins, Christopher A. Bray, Mollie S. Burke, Margaret R. Cheney, Michel A. Consejo, Gale Courcelle, Dennis J. Devereux, Johannah Leddy Donovan, Sarah R. Edwards, Debbie G. Evans, Martha P. Heath, Warren F. Kitzmiller, Joseph L. Krawczyk, Jr., Mark Larson, Lucy Leriche, Steven Maier, Jason P. Lorber, Cynthia T. Martin, John W. Malcolm, Linda J. Martin, James W. Masland, Norman H. McAllister, Virginia A. Milkey, Sue Minter, Mark B. Mitchell, Betty A. Nuovo, Anne Theresa O'Brien, Carolyn W. Partridge, John S. Rodgers, Ernest W. Shand, William C. Stevens, Ira Trombley, and Linda J. Waite-Simpson.

    In 2008, the Vermont House and Senate passed the National Popular Vote bill (S 270); however, Governor Douglas vetoed the bill. The legislature did not return to consider any vetoes in 2008.      AP article      Burlington Free Press article

    A survey of 800 Vermont voters conducted April 26, 2008 showed 75%–25% overall support for a national popular vote for President.    See poll results

    On March 19, 2008, the Vermont Senate passed the National Popular Vote bill (S 270).    Rutland Herald Op-Ed

    In January 2008, Vermont Senators Bill Carris, Claire Ayer, Donald Collins, Hinda Miller, James Condos, Peter Shumlin, and Richard McCormack introduced the National Popular Vote bill (S 270) in the Vermont Senate.

    On February 23, 2007, Vermont Representatives Michael Fisher, Anne Donahue, Warren Kitzmiller, Linda Martin, Daryl Pillsbury, Scott Wheeler, Kurt Wright, and David Zuckerman introduced the National Popular Vote bill (H373) (Status of H373).   Bennington Banner article




    Vermont Rep. Michael Fisher
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    Vermont Rep. Anne Donahue
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    Vermont Rep. Warren Kitzmiller
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    Vermont Rep. Linda Martin
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    Vermont Rep. David Zuckerman
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    Vermont Rep. Daryl Pillsbury
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    Vermont Rep. Kurt Wright
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    Vermont Rep. Scott Wheeler
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    Vermont Senator Bill Carris
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    Vermont Senator Claire Ayer
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    Vermont Senator Donald Collins
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    Vermont Senator Hinda Miller
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    Vermont Senator James Condos
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    Vermont Senator Peter Shumlin
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    Vermont Senator Richard McCormack
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    Vermont Rep. Anne Theresa O'Brien
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    Vermont Rep. Betty A. Nuovo
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    Vermont Rep. Carolyn W. Partridge
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    Vermont Rep. Christopher A. Bray
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    Vermont Rep. Cynthia T. Martin
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    Vermont Rep. Debbie G. Evans
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    Vermont Rep. Dennis J. Devereux
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    Vermont Rep. Ernest W. Shand
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    Vermont Rep. Gale Courcelle
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    Vermont Rep. Ira Trombley
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    Vermont Rep. James W. Masland
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    Vermont Rep. Janet Ancel
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    Vermont Rep. Jason P. Lorber
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    Vermont Rep. Johannah Leddy Donovan
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    Vermont Rep. John S. Rodgers
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    Vermont Rep. John W. Malcolm
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    Vermont Rep. Joseph L. Krawczyk, Jr.
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    Vermont Rep. Kenneth W. Atkins
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    Vermont Rep. Linda J. Waite-Simpson
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    Vermont Rep. Lucy Leriche
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    Vermont Rep. Margaret R. Cheney
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    Vermont Rep. Mark B. Mitchell
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    Vermont Rep. Mark Larson
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    Vermont Rep. Martha P. Heath
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    Vermont Rep. Michel A. Consejo
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    Vermont Rep. Mollie S. Burke
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    Vermont Rep. Norman H. McAllister
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    Vermont Rep. Sarah R. Edwards
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    Vermont Rep. Steven Maier
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    Vermont Rep. Virginia A. Milkey
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    Vermont Rep. William C. Stevens
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    Vermont Senator Douglas A. Racine
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    Vermont Senator Edward S. Flanagan
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    Vermont Senator Harold Giard
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    Vermont Senator Jeanette K. White
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    Vermont Senator John F. Campbell
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    Vermont Senator Sara Branon Kittell
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    Vermont Senator Timothy Ashe
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    Vermont Senator Virginia V. Lyons
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    Vermont Senator William H. Carris
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    Vermont Rep. William N. Aswad
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    Vermont Rep. John L. Bartholomew
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    Vermont Rep. Clem Bissonnette
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    Vermont Rep. Charles W. Bohi
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    Vermont Rep. Carolyn Whitney Branagan
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    Vermont Rep. Leigh J. Dakin
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    Vermont Rep. Susan Hatch Davis
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    Vermont Rep. David L. Deen
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    Vermont Rep. Alice M. Emmons
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    Vermont Rep. William R. Frank
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    Vermont Rep. Patsy French
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    Vermont Rep. Eldred Minor French
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    Vermont Rep. Gary Gilbert
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    Vermont Rep. Maxine Jo Grad
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    Vermont Rep. Mary C. Hooper
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    Vermont Rep. Richard J. Howrigan
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    Vermont Rep. Robert C. Krebs
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    Vermont Rep. Michele F. Kupersmith
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    Vermont Rep. Diane Lanpher
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    Vermont Rep. Joan G. Lenes
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    Vermont Rep. William J. Lippert, Jr
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    Vermont Rep. Terence D. Macaig
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    Vermont Rep. Richard Marek
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    Vermont Rep. Jim McCullough
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    Vermont Rep. Alice Miller
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    Vermont Rep. Mike Mrowicki
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    Vermont Rep. Robert Munger
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    Vermont Rep. Floyd W. Nease
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    Vermont Rep. Michael J. Obuchowski
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    Vermont Rep. Peter Peltz
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    Vermont Rep. Paul N. Poirier
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    Vermont Rep. Dave Potter
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    Vermont Rep. Ann D. Pugh
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    Vermont Rep. Dave Sharpe
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    Vermont Rep. Robert C. South
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    Vermont Rep. Kristi Kurt Spengler
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    Vermont Rep. Tom Stevens
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    Vermont Rep. Therese M. Taylor
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    Vermont Rep. George Till
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    Vermont Rep. Kitty Beattie Toll
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    Vermont Rep. Rachel Weston
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    Vermont Rep. Jeff Wilson
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    Vermont Rep. Suzi Wizowaty
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    Vermont Rep. Michael Yantachka
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    Vermont Senator Robert M. Hartwell
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    Vermont Senator Anthony Pollina
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    Under the current system of electing the President, a candidate may win a majority of the Electoral College without having a majority of the nationwide popular vote. The National Popular Vote bill would reform the Electoral College by guaranteeing the Presidency to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia). The bill would enact the proposed interstate compact entitled the "Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote." The compact would take effect only when enacted, in identical form, by states possessing a majority of the membership of the Electoral College (that is 270 of 538 electoral votes). Under the compact, all of the members of the Electoral College from all states belonging to the compact would be from the same political party as the winner of nationwide popular vote. Thus, the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia) will be guaranteed a majority of the Electoral College, and hence the Presidency. Because the compact guarantees a majority of the Electoral College to the winner of most popular votes nationwide, the compact has the additional benefit of eliminating the possibility that a presidential election might be thrown into the U.S. House of Representatives (with each state casting one vote).


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President