"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
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    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    Oklahoma

    OKLAHOMA CITY, February 12, 2014—The Oklahoma Senate passed the National Popular Vote bill (SB 906) by a 28–18 margin. The bill was sponsored by Senator Rob Johnson and Representative Don Armes.



    On September 4, 2013, an interim study hearing is scheduled to hear testimony about the National Popular Vote bill.

    On February 20, 2013, the Senate Rules Committee approved the National Popular Vote bill (SB 906) by an 11–8 vote.

    In February 2013, the National Popular Vote bill was introduced in the Oklahoma Senate by Senator Rob Johnson and co-authored by Representative Don Armes (SB 906).

    On February 23, 2011, the Senate Rules Committee approved the National Popular Vote bill by an 11-3 vote, with Republicans favoring it 6–3 and Democrats favoring it 5–0. However, the bill was not taken up by the full Senate.

    In January 2011, Senator John Sparks introduced the National Popular Vote bill [SB 841] in the Oklahoma Senate.

    A survey of 800 Oklahoma voters conducted on May 5-6, 2009 showed 81% overall support for the idea that the President of the United States should be the candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states.      Oklahoma poll results

    On January 2009, Oklahoma State Representative Ryan Kiesel introduced the National Popular Vote bill in the Oklahoma House of Representatives (HB 2207).      Pearson letter to Legislature

    On January 23, 2007, Oklahoma State Representative Darrell Gilbert introduced the National Popular Vote bill (HB 1466) into Oklahoma Legislature for the 2007 session.




    Oklahoma Senator Rob Johnson


    Oklahoma Rep. Don Armes


    Oklahoma Senator John Sparks
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Oklahoma Rep. Darrell Gilbert
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Oklahoma Rep. Ryan Kiesel
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site

    In 1966, Delaware Attorney General David P. Buckson filed a lawsuit on behalf of the state of Delaware against New York (and other states) concerning the use of the winner-take-all rule in presidential elections. Under the winner-take-all rule (also called the "unit rule" or "general ticket" system), all of a state's electoral votes are awarded to the candidate who receives the most popular votes in each separate state. In 1966, Delaware led a group of 12 predominantly low-population states (including North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, Utah, Arkansas, Kansas, Oklahoma, Iowa, Kentucky, Florida, Pennsylvania) in suing New York in the U.S. Supreme Court. In State of Delaware v. State of New York, the plaintiff states argued that New York's use of the winner-take-all rule effectively disenfranchised voters in their states. The Supreme Court declined to hear the case (presumably because of the well-established constitutional provision that the manner of awarding electoral votes is exclusively a state decision). Ironically, the defendant (New York) is no longer an influential closely divided battleground state (as it was in the 1960s). Today, New York suffers the very same disenfranchisement as most of the less populous states because it too has become politically non-competitive. Today, a vote in New York is equal to a vote in Delaware: votes in both are equally irrelevant in presidential elections.

    Under the current system of electing the President, a candidate may win a majority of the Electoral College without having a majority of the nationwide popular vote. The National Popular Vote bill would reform the Electoral College by guaranteeing the Presidency to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia). The bill would enact the proposed interstate compact entitled the "Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote." The compact would take effect only when enacted, in identical form, by states possessing a majority of the membership of the Electoral College (that is 270 of 538 electoral votes). Under the compact, all of the members of the Electoral College from all states belonging to the compact would be from the same political party as the winner of nationwide popular vote. Thus, the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia) will be guaranteed a majority of the Electoral College, and hence the Presidency. Because the compact guarantees a majority of the Electoral College to the winner of most popular votes nationwide, the compact has the additional benefit of eliminating the possibility that a presidential election might be thrown into the U.S. House of Representatives (with each state casting one vote).


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President