"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Michigan

    LANSING, April 10, 2013—Senators Warren, Hopgood, and Smith introduced the National Popular Vote bill (SB 291).

    On May 20, 2009, Senators Valde Garcia and Gilda Jacobs introduced the National Popular Vote bill (SB 598) in the Michigan State Senate.

    On December 11, 2008, The Michigan House of Representatives today passed the National Popular Vote bill (HB 6610) by a 65-36 margin.      Tobocman op-ed

    On December 10, 2008, the House Committee on Ethics and Elections approved the National Popular Vote bill (HB 6010).

    A survey of 800 Michigan voters conducted on December 2-3, 2008 showed 73% overall support for a national popular vote for President.

    On November 6, 2008, the National Popular Vote bill was introduced by Representatives Steve Tobocman, Steve Bieda, John Stakoe in the Michigan House of Representatives. Other sponsors include Representatives Daniel Acciavatti, Fran Amos, Joan Bauer, Terry Brown, Lee Gonzales, Richard Hammel, Ted Hammon, Hoon-Yung Hopgood, Kenneth Horn, Bert Johnson, Robert Jones, Michael Lahti, Gabe Leland, LaMar Lemmons, Jeff Mayes, Joel Sheltrown, Alma Smith, and Rebekah Warren.



    Michigan House Passes National Popular Vote Bill 65-36



    State Representative Steven Tobocman, primary sponsor of the National Popular Vote bill in Michigan, explains bill during the floor debate in House



    Michigan House of Representatives




    Michigan Rep. Steve Tobocman
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Steve Bieda
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. John Stakoe
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Daniel Acciavatti
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Joan Bauer
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Terry L. Brown
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Lee Gonzales
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Richard E. Hammel
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Ted Hammon
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Hoon-Yung Hopgood
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Kenneth B. Horn
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Bert Johnson
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Robert B. Jones
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Michael A. Lahti
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Gabe Leland
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. LaMar Lemmons Jr.
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Jeff Mayes
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Joel Sheltrown
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Alma Smith
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Rep. Rebekah Warren
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Michigan Senator Valde Garcia
    Legislative Web Site


    Michigan Senator Gilda Jacobs
    Legislative Web Site


    Michigan Senator Virgil Smith
    Political Web Site
    Under the current system of electing the President, a candidate may win a majority of the Electoral College without having a majority of the nationwide popular vote. The National Popular Vote bill would reform the Electoral College by guaranteeing the Presidency to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia). The bill would enact the proposed interstate compact entitled the "Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote." The compact would take effect only when enacted, in identical form, by states possessing a majority of the membership of the Electoral College (that is 270 of 538 electoral votes). Under the compact, all of the members of the Electoral College from all states belonging to the compact would be from the same political party as the winner of nationwide popular vote. Thus, the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia) will be guaranteed a majority of the Electoral College, and hence the Presidency. Because the compact guarantees a majority of the Electoral College to the winner of most popular votes nationwide, the compact has the additional benefit of eliminating the possibility that a presidential election might be thrown into the U.S. House of Representatives (with each state casting one vote).


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President