"Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors ..." -- U.S. Constitution
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Endorsed by 2,110
State Legislators
In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
    What Do You Think
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    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    Minnesota

    ST. PAUL, February 28, 2013 — The Elections Committee of the Minnesota House of Representatives approved the National Popular Vote bill (HF799). The National Popular Vote bill is also contained in the Omnibus Election bill (HF894).

    In February 2013, the National Popular Vote bill (HF799) was introduced in the Minnesota House of Representatives by Representatives Steve Simon, Pat Garofalo, John Persell, Carlos Mariani, Kurt Zellers, David Bly, Paul Rosenthal, Carolyn Laine, Tim Sanders, Frank Hornstein, Joe Atkins, and Zachary Dorholt.

    In addition, in February 2013, the National Popular Vote bill (SF585) was introduced in the Minnesota Senate by Senators Ann H. Rest, Leroy A. Stumpf, Karin Housley, Branden Petersen, and Jeff Hayden.

    On April 27, 2011, the Minnesota house Committee on Government Operations and Elections approved the National Popular Vote bill by a voice vote.

    In February 2011, the National Popular Vote bill (HF 495 was introduced by Representatives Pat Garofalo, Michael L. Beard, Mary Liz Holberg, Erin Murphy, Tim Sanders, Dean Urdahl, Steve Simon, Denny McNamara, Kurt Zellers (Speaker), Frank Hornstein, John Benson, Phyllis Kahn, Jeff Hayden, Patti Fritz, Bev Scalze, John Lesch, Leon Lillie, and Diane Loeffler. The 18 sponsors include 7 Republicans and 11 Democrats. Senators Ray Vandeveer and Anne (R) and Ann H. Rest (D) introduced the bill (SF 1241) in the Senate in 2011.

    On February 4, 2009, the National Popular Vote bill (HF 512   Status of HF 512) was introduced in Minnesota by Representatives Steve Simon, Bob Gunther, Denny McNamara, Kurt Zellers, Frank Hornstein, John Benson, Roger Reinert, Phyllis Kahn, Sandra Masin, Larry Hosch, Jeff Hayden, Jerry Newton, Laura Brod, Greg Davids, Patti Fritz, Cy Thao, Bev Scalze, Terry Morrow, John Lesch, Carol McFarlane, and Leon Lillie. The bill (SF 446   Status of SF 446) was introduced in the Minnesota Senate by Senators Ann H. Rest, Dick Day, Sandra L. Pappas, John Marty, and Pat Pariseau.

    A survey of 800 Minnesota voters conducted on January 15-16, 2009, showed 75% overall support for a national popular vote for President.      Minnesota poll results

    On April 18, 2007, Minnesota State Representative Steve Simon introduced the National Popular Vote bill into Minnesota Legislature.




    Minnesota Rep. Ray Vandeveer
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Minnesota Rep. Pat Garofalo
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Steve Simon
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Senator Ann H. Rest
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Bob Gunther
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    Minnesota Rep. Denny McNamara
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    Minnesota Rep. Kurt Zellers
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    Minnesota Rep. Frank Hornstein
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    Minnesota Rep. John Benson
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    Minnesota Rep. Roger Reinert
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    Minnesota Rep. Phyllis Kahn
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    Minnesota Rep. Sandra Masin
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Larry Hosch
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    Minnesota Rep. Jeff Hayden
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Jerry Newton
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    Minnesota Rep. Laura Brod
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    Minnesota Rep. Greg Davids
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    Minnesota Rep. Patti Fritz
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Minnesota Rep. Bev Scalze
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Terry Morrow
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. John Lesch
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Carol McFarlane
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Leon Lillie
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Senator Dick Day
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Minnesota Senator Sandra L. Pappas
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Senator John Marty
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site


    Minnesota Senator Pat Pariseau
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Michael L. Beard
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Mary Liz Holberg
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Erin Murphy
    Legislative Web Site
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    Minnesota Rep. Tim Sanders
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    Minnesota Rep. Dean Urdahl
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    Minnesota Rep. Diane Loeffler
    Legislative Web Site
    Political Web Site
    Under the current system of electing the President, a candidate may win a majority of the Electoral College without having a majority of the nationwide popular vote. The National Popular Vote bill would reform the Electoral College by guaranteeing the Presidency to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia). The bill would enact the proposed interstate compact entitled the "Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote." The compact would take effect only when enacted, in identical form, by states possessing a majority of the membership of the Electoral College (that is 270 of 538 electoral votes). Under the compact, all of the members of the Electoral College from all states belonging to the compact would be from the same political party as the winner of nationwide popular vote. Thus, the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states (and the District of Columbia) will be guaranteed a majority of the Electoral College, and hence the Presidency. Because the compact guarantees a majority of the Electoral College to the winner of most popular votes nationwide, the compact has the additional benefit of eliminating the possibility that a presidential election might be thrown into the U.S. House of Representatives (with each state casting one vote).


    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President