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In addition to 1,129 state legislative sponsors (shown above), 981 other legislators have cast recorded votes in favor of the National Popular Vote bill.
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Tom Golisano

Entrepreneur Tom Golisano Endorses National Popular Vote

Short Explanation
The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee a majority of the Electoral College to the presidential candidate who receives the most popular votes in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The bill would reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote in the Electoral College reflects the choice of the nation's voters for President of the United States.   more
11 Enactments
The National Popular Vote bill has been enacted into law in states possessing 165 electoral votes — 61% of the 270 electoral votes needed to activate the legislation.

  • Maryland - 10 votes
  • Massachusetts - 11
  • Washington - 12 votes
  • Vermont - 3 votes
  • Rhode Island - 4 votes
  • DC - 3 votes
  • Hawaii - 4 votes
  • New Jersey - 14 votes
  • Illinois - 20 votes
  • New York - 29 votes
  • California - 55 votes

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    Advisory Board
    John Anderson (R-I–IL)
    Birch Bayh (D–IN)
    John Buchanan (R–AL)
    Tom Campbell (R–CA)
    Tom Downey (D–NY)
    D. Durenberger (R–MN)
    Jake Garn (R–UT)
    What Do You Think
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    The candidate who gets the most votes in all 50 states.
    The current Electoral College system.

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    Responses to Myths about the National Popular Vote Plan

    Changing the way we elect the President is an important topic that deserves careful scrutiny. This document provides responses to concerns that have been raised during the course of the debate on the National Popular Vote bill.

    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    1Myths about the U.S. Constitution
    2Myths That Candidates Reach Out to All the States under the Current System
    3Myth That “Wrong Winner” Elections are Rare
    4Myths about the Small States
    5Myths about Big Cities
    6Myth about State Identity
    7Myths about Proliferation of Candidates, Absolute Majorities, and Breakdown of the Two-Party System
    8Myths about Extremist and Regional Candidates
    9Myths about Logistical Nightmares Arising from Differences in State Laws
    10Myths about Faithless Electors
    11Myths about Post-Election Changes in the Rules of the Game, Withdrawal, and Enforceability
    12Myths about Campaign Spending and length
    13Myths about Election Administration
    14Myths about Lack of an Official National Count for Presidential Elections and Secret Elections
    15Myths about Recounts
    16Myths about Interstate Compacts and Congressional Consent
    17Myths about Mob Rule, Demagogues, and the Electoral College Buffering against Popular Passions
    18Myth about an Incoming President’s Mandate
    19Myth about Presidential Power
    20Myths about the Voting Rights Act
    21Myth about a Federal Election Bureaucracy
    22Myths about the District of Columbia
    23Myths about Congressional or Proportional Allocation of Electoral Votes
    24Myth That One State Could Derail the National Popular Vote Compact
    25Myth about Decline in Voter Turnout
    26Myth That Our Nation’s Freedom, Security, and Prosperity Are Protected by the Winner-Take-All Rule
    27Myth about the Replacement of a Dead, Disabled, or Discredited Presidential Candidate
    28Myth That the Winner-Take-All Rule Produces Good Presidents
    29Myth about Unequal Treatment of Voters in Member and Non-Member States
    30Myth about Voters from Non-Member States Not Being Counted by the National Popular Vote Compact
    31Myth that a Nationwide Vote for President Would Favor One Political Party Over the Other
    32Myth that Major Parties Will Be Taken Off the Ballot Because of National Popular Vote
    33Myth about Tyranny of the Majority
    34Myth about Politically-Motivated Mid-Year Enactment
    35Myth That National Popular Vote Is Unpopular
    36Myth about the Weather
    37Myth about Out-of-State Presidential Electors
    38Myth about the French Presidential Election System
    39Myths about Unintended Consequences
    40Myth about Perfection
    DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS
    1Myths about the U.S. Constitution
    1.1Myth: A federal constitutional amendment is necessary for changing the current method of electing the President
    1.2Myth: The traditional and appropriate way of changing the method of electing the President is by means of a federal constitutional amendment
    1.3Myth: The Electoral College would be abolished by the National Popular Vote compact
    1.4Myth: The Founding Fathers designed and favored our nation’s current system of electing the President
    1.5Myth: Alexander Hamilton considered our nation’s current system of electing the President to be “excellent.”
    1.6Myth: The National Popular Vote compact should be rejected because a proposal for direct election of the President was rejected by the 1787 Constitutional Convention
    1.7Myth: The National Popular Vote compact should be rejected because of implied restrictions on a state’s choices for appointing presidential electors and because only the Founders’ “failure of imagination” prevented them from explicitly prohibiting the National Popular Vote compact
    1.8Myth: Federalism would be undermined by a national popular vote
    1.9Myth: A national popular vote is contrary to the concept that the United States is a republic, not a democracy
    1.10Myth: The Guarantee Clause of the Constitution precludes the National Popular Vote compact 389 Responses to Myths about the National Popular Vote Compact |
    1.11Myth: The Meeting Clause of the 12th Amendment precludes the National Popular Vote compact
    1.12Myth: The National Popular Vote compact would contradict the 12th Amendment
    1.13Myth: The National Popular Vote compact would encroach on federal sovereignty
    1.14Myth: The National Popular Vote compact would encroach on state sovereignty
    1.15Myth: Section 2 of the 14th Amendment precludes the National Popular Vote compact
    1.16Myth: The Privileges and Immunities Clause of the 14th Amendment precludes the National Popular Vote compact
    1.17Myth: The Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment precludes the National Popular Vote compact
    1.18Myth: The Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment precludes the National Popular Vote compact
    1.19Myth: The National Popular Vote compact impermissibly delegates a state’s sovereign power
    1.20Myth: Court decisions in the line item veto case and term limit case imply the unconstitutionality of the National Popular Vote plan
    1.21Myth: Respect for the Constitution demands that we go through the formal constitutional amendment process
    1.22Myth: The most democratic approach for making a change in the manner of electing the President is a federal constitutional amendment
    1.23Myth: “Eleven colluding states” are trying to impose a national popular vote on the country
    1.24Myth: A federal constitutional amendment is the superior way to change the system
    1.25Myth: It is inappropriate for state legislatures to consider changing the method of electing the President
    1.26Myth: The National Popular Vote compact is unconstitutional because it would prevent a tie in the Electoral College and thereby deprive the U.S. House of Representatives of its rightful opportunity to choose the President
    1.27Myth: The National Popular Vote bill is unconstitutional because it circumvents the Constitution’s amendment procedures
    2Myths That Candidates Reach Out to All the States under the Current System
    2.1Myth: The current system ensures that presidential candidates reach out to all states
    2.2Myth: A national popular vote will simply make a different group of states irrelevant in presidential elections
    2.3Myth: The disproportionate attention received by battleground states is not a problem because spectator states frequently become battleground states and vice versa
    3Myth That “Wrong Winner” Elections are Rare
    3.1Myth: “Wrong winner” elections are rare, and therefore not a problem
    4Myths about the Small States
    4.1Myth: The small states would be disadvantaged by a national popular vote
    4.2Myth: Thirty-one states would lose power under a national popular vote
    4.3Myth: The small states are so small that they will not attract any attention under any system
    4.4Myth: The small states oppose a national popular vote for President
    4.5Myth: Equal representation of the states in the U.S. Senate is threatened by the National Popular Vote plan
    4.6Myth: The distribution of political influence envisioned by the Great Compromise would be upset by a national popular vote
    5Myths about Big Cities
    5.1Myth: Big cities, such as Los Angeles, would control a nationwide popular vote for President
    5.2Myth: A major reason for establishing the Electoral College was to prevent elections from becoming contests where presidential candidates would simply campaign in big cities
    5.3Myth: Candidates would only campaign in media markets, while ignoring the rest of the country
    6Myth about State Identity
    6.1Myth: The public strongly desires that electoral votes be cast on a state-by-state basis because it provides a sense of “state identity.”
    7Myths about Proliferation of Candidates, Absolute Majorities, and Breakdown of the Two-Party System
    7.1Myth: The National Popular Vote plan is defective because it does not require an absolute majority of the popular vote to win
    7.2Myth: The National Popular Vote plan is defective because it does not provide for a run-off
    7.3Myth: A national popular vote will result in a proliferation of candidates, Presidents being elected with as little as 15% of the vote, and a breakdown of the two-party system
    7.4Myth: The current system requires an absolute majority of the popular vote to win
    8Myths about Extremist and Regional Candidates
    8.1Myth: Extremist candidates will proliferate under a national popular vote
    8.2Myth: Regional candidates will proliferate under a national popular vote
    8.3Myth: It is the genius of the Electoral College that Grover Cleveland did not win in 1888 because the Electoral College works as a check against regionalism
    9Myths about Logistical Nightmares Arising from Differences in State Laws
    9.1Myth: Logistical nightmares would plague a national popular vote because of differences among the states concerning ballot-access requirements, ex-felon eligibility requirements, poll-closing times, and so forth 503 Responses to Myths about the National Popular Vote Compact |
    9.2Myth: A state’s electoral votes could be awarded to a candidate not on a state’s own ballot
    10Myths about Faithless Electors
    10.1Myth: Faithless presidential electors would be a problem under the National Popular Vote compact
    10.2Myth: It might be difficult to coerce presidential electors to vote for the national popular vote winner
    10.3Myth: Presidential electors might succumb to outside pressure and abandon the national popular vote winner in favor of the winner of the popular vote in their state
    11Myths about Post-Election Changes in the Rules of the Game, Withdrawal, and Enforceability
    11.1Myth: A politically motivated state legislature could withdraw from the National Popular Vote compact after the people vote in November, but before the Electoral College meets in December
    11.2Myth: A Secretary of State might change a state’s method of awarding electoral votes after the people vote in November, but before the Electoral College meets in December
    11.3Myth: Interstate compacts that do not receive congressional consent are unenforceable and “toothless.”
    12Myths about Campaign Spending and length
    12.1Myth: Campaign spending would skyrocket if candidates had to campaign in all 50 states
    12.2Myth: The length of presidential campaigns would increase if candidates had to travel to all 50 states
    13Myths about Election Administration
    13.1Myth: Local election officials would be burdened by the National Popular Vote compact
    13.2Myth: The state’s chief elections official would be burdened by the National Popular Vote compact
    13.3Myth: The National Popular Vote compact would burden the state’s chief election official with the need to judge the election returns of other states
    13.4Myth: The National Popular Vote compact would be costly
    13.5Myth: Post-election audits could not be conducted under a national popular vote
    13.6Myth: Provisional ballots would create problems in a nationwide popular vote because voters in all 50 states (instead of just 10 or so states) would matter in determining the winner
    13.7Myth: Knowledge of the winner would be delayed under a national popular vote because the votes of all 50 states (instead of just 10 or so battleground states) would matter
    13.8Myth: Elections are so trustworthy in the current battleground states that the country should not risk an election in which other states might affect the outcome of a presidential election
    14Myths about Lack of an Official National Count for Presidential Elections and Secret Elections
    14.1Myth: There is no official count of the national popular vote
    14.2Myth: A single state could frustrate the National Popular Vote compact by keeping its election returns secret
    14.3Myth: Absentee ballots are not counted in California when the number of absentee ballots is significantly less than the amount by which the Democratic presidential candidate is leading
    15Myths about Recounts
    15.1Myth: The current system typically produces undisputed outcomes, whereas recounts would be frequent under a national popular vote
    15.2Myth: The current state-by-state winner-take-all system acts as a firewall that helpfully isolates recounts to particular states
    15.3Myth: Resolution of a presidential election could be prolonged beyond the inauguration date because of recounts
    15.4Myth: Conducting a recount would be a logistical impossibility under a national popular vote
    15.5Myth: States would be put in the uncomfortable position of judging election returns from other states under a national popular vote
    15.6Myth: A recount might be warranted, but unobtainable, under the National Popular Vote compact
    15.7Myth: There is no mechanism for conducting a national recount
    15.8Myth: A nationwide vote for President should not be implemented as long as any state uses direct-recording electronic (DRE) voting machines lacking a voter-verifiable paper audit trail
    16Myths about Interstate Compacts and Congressional Consent
    16.1Myth: Interstate compacts are exotic and fishy
    16.2Myth: The topic of elections addressed by the National Popular Vote compact is not an appropriate subject for an interstate compact
    16.3Myth: The National Popular Vote compact is defective because Congress did not consent to it prior to its consideration by state legislatures
    16.4Myth: The National Popular Vote compact is defective because it fails to mention Congress in its text
    16.5Myth: The National Popular Vote compact requires congressional consent to become effective
    16.6Myth: The National Popular Vote compact requires congressional consent because of its withdrawal procedure
    16.7Myth: Adoption of the National Popular Vote compact would establish the precedent that interstate compacts can be used to accomplish something that would otherwise be unconstitutional
    16.8Myth: The National Popular Vote compact is a conspiracy
    17Myths about Mob Rule, Demagogues, and the Electoral College Buffering against Popular Passions
    17.1Myth: A national popular vote would be mob rule
    17.2Myth: The Electoral College acts as a buffer against popular passions 647 Responses to Myths about the National Popular Vote Compact
    17.3Myth: The current system of electing the President would prevent a Hitler or similar demagogue from coming to power in the United States
    18Myth about an Incoming President’s Mandate
    18.1Myth: The current state-by-state winner-take-all system gives the incoming President a “mandate” in the form of an exaggerated lead in the Electoral College
    19Myth about Presidential Power
    19.1Myth: The President’s powers would be changed by a national popular vote
    20Myths about the Voting Rights Act
    20.1Myth: Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act precludes the National Popular Vote compact
    20.2Myth: The political influence of racial and ethnic minorities would be diminished by a national popular vote
    21Myth about a Federal Election Bureaucracy
    21.1Myth: A federal election bureaucracy would be created by the National Popular Vote compact
    22Myths about the District of Columbia
    22.1Myth: The National Popular Vote compact would permit the District of Columbia to vote for President, even though it is not a state
    22.2Myth: Because it is not a state, the District of Columbia may not enter into interstate compacts
    22.3Myth: Only Congress may enter into interstate compacts on behalf of the District of Columbia
    22.4Myth: Only Congress may change the winner-take-all rule for the District of Columbia
    22.5Myth: Because it is not a state, the District of Columbia cannot bind itself by means of an interstate compact
    22.6Myth: The enactment of the National Popular Vote compact by the District of Columbia Council is incomplete because Congress has not approved the Council’s action
    23Myths about Congressional or Proportional Allocation of Electoral Votes
    23.1Myth: It would be better to allocate electoral votes by congressional district
    23.2Myth: It would be better to allocate electoral votes proportionally
    24Myth That One State Could Derail the National Popular Vote Compact
    24.1Myth: Abolition of popular voting for President and abolition of the short presidential ballot are “Achilles’ heels” that would enable one state to obstruct the National Popular Vote compact
    25Myth about Decline in Voter Turnout
    25.1Myth: A national popular vote would decrease turnout
    26Myth That Our Nation’s Freedom, Security, and Prosperity Are Protected by the Winner-Take-All Rule
    26.1Myth: Our nation’s freedom, security, and prosperity are protected by the current winner-take-all method of awarding electoral votes
    27Myth about the Replacement of a Dead, Disabled, or Discredited Presidential Candidate
    27.1Myth: Use of the winner-take-all rule permits replacement of a dead, disabled, or discredited President-Elect between Election Day and the meeting of the Electoral College, but the National Popular Vote compact does not
    28Myth That the Winner-Take-All Rule Produces Good Presidents
    28.1Myth: The state-by-state winner-take-all method for awarding electoral votes produces good Presidents
    29Myth about Unequal Treatment of Voters in Member and Non-Member States
    29.1Myth: Voters in states that haven’t signed onto the compact will be treated differently than voters in states that have
    30Myth about Voters from Non-Member States Not Being Counted by the National Popular Vote Compact
    30.1Myth: The rights of voters from states outside the compact would be diminished because they would not have an equal opportunity to influence the selection of the President
    31Myth that a Nationwide Vote for President Would Favor One Political Party Over the Other
    31.1Myth: The Republican Party would find it difficult to win the most votes nationwide
    31.2Myth: Republican voters do not support a national popular vote
    31.3Myth: The small states give the Republican Party an advantage in presidential elections
    31.4Myth: The National Popular Vote effort is funded by left-wingers
    31.5Myth: The long-term trend in the Electoral College favors the Republicans because Republican-leaning states have gained electoral votes with each recent census
    31.6Myth: Nationwide voting for President would give voters of as few as 11 or 12 states a controlling majority of the Electoral College, enabling them to decide presidential elections
    31.7Myth: Candidates would concentrate on Democratic-leaning metropolitan markets because of lower advertising costs
    31.8Myth: Only citizens impact the allocation of electoral votes under the current system
    31.9Myth: The Republican Party has a lock on the Electoral College
    31.10Myth: The rural states would lose their advantage in the Electoral College under a national popular vote
    31.11Myth: A national popular vote would be a guarantee of corruption because every ballot box in every state would become a chance to steal the Presidency
    31.12Myth: Fraud is minimized under the current system because it is hard to predict where stolen votes will matter
    31.13Myth: The 2000 election illustrates the Republican Party’s structural advantage under the current state-by-state winner-take-all system
    31.14Myth: Al Gore would have been elected President under a national popular vote in 2000
    32Myth that Major Parties Will Be Taken Off the Ballot Because of National Popular Vote
    32.1Myth: Major parties will be taken off the ballot because of National Popular Vote
    33Myth about Tyranny of the Majority
    33.1Myth: The state-by-state winner-take-all rule prevents tyranny of the majority
    34Myth about Politically-Motivated Mid-Year Enactment
    34.1Myth: The Texas legislature might enact the National Popular Vote compact based on a mid-year poll indicating that its favored candidate is poised to win the popular vote in November — but not the electoral vote
    35Myth That National Popular Vote Is Unpopular
    35.1Myth: National Popular Vote is being imposed without the consent of the majority of Americans
    36Myth about the Weather
    36.1Myth: The state-by-state winner-take-all rule minimizes the effects of hurricanes and bad weather
    37Myth about Out-of-State Presidential Electors
    37.1Myth: The National Popular Vote compact will result in out-of-state presidential electors
    38Myth about the French Presidential Election System
    38.1Myth: National Popular Vote seeks to import the flawed French presidential election system into the United States
    39Myths about Unintended Consequences
    39.1Myth: There could be unintended consequences of a nationwide vote for President
    40Myth about Perfection
    40.1Myth: The National Popular Vote compact is not perfect.

    Reform the Electoral College so that the electoral vote reflects the nationwide popular vote for President